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Thursday, November 25

  1. page Parenting Styles and Delinquency edited ... Wasserman, G., Ko, S. J., & McReynolds, L. S. (2004, August). Assessing the mental health …
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    Wasserman, G., Ko, S. J., & McReynolds, L. S. (2004, August). Assessing the mental health status of youth in juvenile justice settings. Juvenile Justice Bulletin.
    Vermeiren, R. (2003). Psychopathology and delinquency in adolescents: A descriptive and developmental perspective. Clinical Psychology Review, 23, 277-318.
    (Producer).Wallace, A. (2009, Novermber
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  2. page Parenting Styles and Delinquency edited ... Violent Crimes Drug and Alcohol Violation Drug and Alcohol Violation Status Offences S…
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    Violent Crimes
    Drug and Alcohol Violation
    Drug and Alcohol Violation
    Status Offences
    Status Offenses
    Assault
    Drug possession
    Drug possession
    Curfew violation
    Homicide
    Liquor law violation
    Liquor law violation
    Underage alcohol consumption
    Rape
    Intent to sell drugs
    Intent to sell drugs
    Runaways
    Burglary
    Drink and disorderly conduct
    Drink and disorderly conduct
    vandalism
    Drug abuse
    Drug abuse
    Auto theft
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    {2.png} Another adverse effect of juvenile delinquency, which culminates in legal confinement, is increased depression and anxiety on the offender. Extant research indicates that there are high rates of mental disorders among youths involved with the juvenile justice system ( Teplin, Abram, McClelland, Dulcan, & Mericle, 2002; Wasserman, Ko, & McReynolds, 2004). Across studies of detained and incarcerated adolescents, rates of internalizing disorders, such as depression and anxiety, range from 11% to 33% (Vermeiren, 2003).
    Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency
    There are many strategies that can be used to prevent juvenile delinquency. One of the most effective strategies is the use of a functional family therapy program which aims at helping adolescents on probation - and their families. A family therapist works with the family and helps individual family members see how they can positively motivate change in their home. The program works in three phases. During the first phase, the therapist attempts to break down resistance to therapy and encourages the family to believe that negative communication and interaction patterns can be changed. In the second phase, family members are taught new ways to approach day-to-day situations; they are taken through a process of behavioral change and responses to situations. During the third phase, family members are encouraged to move new relational skills into other social situations (school, or the workplace, for instance). Functional family therapy has been demonstrated to reduce recidivism rates and juvenile delinquency. Another positive effect of the program is that the siblings of the youth on parole are less likely to commit crimes because of the help their family has received.
    Additionally, educational programs on parenting, the adverse effects of drug abuse, violence, and the indiscriminate use of weapons should be made available to both juveniles and their families.
    Also, as
    As discussed above,
    In general, the authoritative parenting style is conducive to the most positive results. In particular, if one would attempt to prevent delinquency among White America, then a focus on high levels of support and demandingness would be appropriate. A therapist designing an intervention or education class among this population could speak about setting appropriate and consistent limits on child behavior, and providing the child with rational explanations about why a particular decision was made. High levels of emotional support and parental involvement would also be stressed. If one elected to focus a class on the different sexes, then it would be stressed that girls are negatively impacted with less support and a loss of demandingness is associated with more negative outcomes for boys. Thus, to counter-act that, a specific focus or session could be designed on ways to increase levels of support for girls and increase levels of demandingness (if needed) for boys.
    If, however, one was looking at designing an intervention or education program for a more broad audience, then a change in focus would need to be made. Specifically, one would need to consider the cultural differences and the education and SES backgrounds of the targeted family audience. For example, minority families would likely benefit more than a White audience would about sessions on the authoritarian parenting style or variations of that style. Those populations are more likely to use that style and, unlike European Americans, positive results are much more common. Thus, a particular focus could be to set strict limits and guide behavior among the child. A high degree of parental monitoring could also be particularly helpful.
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    Hoeve, M., Blokland, A., Dubas, S.J., Loeber, R., Gerris, R.M.J., & van dee Laan, H. (2008). Trajectories of delinquency and parenting styles. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 36, 223-235.
    Hoffman, M. L. (1994). Discipline and internalization. Developmental Psychology, 30, 26–28.
    Juvenile Delinquency Prevention Program. Retrieved from http://www.lawyershop.com/practice-areas/criminal-law/juvenile-law/prevention
    Lamborn, S.D., Mounts, N.S., Steinberg, L., & Dornbusch, S.M. (1991). Patterns of competence and adjustment among adolescents from authoritative, authoritarian, indulgent, and neglectful families. Child Development, 62, 1049-1065.
    Mmari, N.K., Blum, W.R., & Teufel-Shone, N. (2010). What increase risk and protection for delinquent behaviors among American India youth? Findings from three tribal communities. Youth & Society, 41, 382-413.
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  3. page home edited ...  References ... 23, 205-222. Baumrind, Baumrind, D., 1991. ... New York. Be…
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    References
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    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZTOICxSvwx0
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  4. page Authoritarian Parenting Style and Child Outcomes edited ... Grogan-Kaylor, A. (2005). Corporal punishment and the growth trajectory of children’s antisoci…
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    Grogan-Kaylor, A. (2005). Corporal punishment and the growth trajectory of children’s antisocial behavior. Child Maltreatment, 10, 283-292.
    Hoffman, M. L. (1994). Discipline and internalization. Developmental Psychology, 30, 26–28.
    Lamborn,Jacobs, T. (2010). Bad parenting? Blame bin laden picture. Retrieved November 25, 2010, from: http://www.miller-mccune.com/culture-society/bad-parenting-blame-bin-laden-24985/
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    ...
    Tompsett, J.C., & Toro, A.P. (2010). Predicting overt and covert antisocial behaviors: Parent, peers, and homelessness. Journal of Community Psychology, 38, 409-485.
    Vygotsky, L.S (1978) Mind in society. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Jacobs, T. (2010). Bad parenting? Blame bin laden picture. Retrieved November 25, 2010, from: http://www.miller-mccune.com/culture-society/bad-parenting-blame-bin-laden-24985/
    McFarland, H. (2010). What is authoritarian parenitng? Picture. Retrieved November 25, 2010, from: http://www.quiveringdaughters.com/2010/10/what-is-authoritarian-parenting.html

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  5. page Authoritative Parenting Style and Child Outcomes edited ... Baumrind, D. (1996). The discipline controversy revisited. Family Relations, 45, 405-414. Bed…
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    Baumrind, D. (1996). The discipline controversy revisited. Family Relations, 45, 405-414.
    Bednar, D.E., & Fisher, T.D. (2003). Peer referencing in adolescent decision making as a function of perceived parenting style. Adolescence, 38, 607-621.
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development online. (2009). Adventures in parenting. Retrieved November 19, 2010, from: http://www.nichd.nih.gov/publications/pubs/adv_in_parenting/index.cfm
    Garg, R., Levin, E.U., Urajnik, D., & Kauppi, C. (2005). Parenting style and academic achievement for East Indian and Canadian adolescents. Journal of Comparitive family studies, 35, 653-661.
    Ginsburg, G. S. and Bronstein, P. (1993). Family factors related to children's intrinsic/extrinsic motivational orientation and academic performance. Child Development, 64, 1461-1474.
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    Schaffer, M., Clark, S., & Jeglic, E., (2009). The role of empathy and parenting Style in the Development of Antisocial Behaviors. Crime and Delinquency, 55, 586-599.
    Steinberg, L., Dornbusch, S., & Brown, B. (1992). Ethnic differences in adolescent achievement: An ecological perspective. American Psychologist, 47, 723-729.
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development online. (2009). Adventures in parenting. Retrieved November 19, 2010, from: http://www.nichd.nih.gov/publications/pubs/adv_in_parenting/index.cfm
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  6. page Parenting Styles and Child Outcomes in Different Contexts edited ... Mboya, M. (1995). A comparitive analysis of the relationship between parenting styles and self…
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    Mboya, M. (1995). A comparitive analysis of the relationship between parenting styles and self-concepts of Black and White high school students. School Psychology International, 16, 19-27.
    Meteyer, K.B. & Jenkins, M. (2009). Dyadic parenting and children's externalizing symptoms. Family Relations 58, 289-302.
    Parenting 2 day Online. (2010). Parenting picture. Retrieved November 25, 2010, from: http://www.parenting2day.com/.
    Park, H., & Bauer, S. (2002). Parenting practices, ethnicity, socioeconomic status and academic achievement in adolescents. School Psychology International, 23, 386-395.
    Triandis, H. (2001). Individualism-collectivism and personality. Journal of Personality, 69, 907-924.
    Parenting 2 day Online. (2010). Parenting picture. Retrieved November 25, 2010, from: http://www.parenting2day.com/.
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  7. page Parenting Styles and Delinquency edited ... Moffitt, T.E. (1993). Adolescent-limited and life-course-persistent antisocial behavior: A dev…
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    Moffitt, T.E. (1993). Adolescent-limited and life-course-persistent antisocial behavior: A developmental taxonomy. Psychological Review, 100, 674–701.
    National Center for Juvenile Justice Report (2008). Juvenile Arrest by offense, sex, and race. Retrieved from http://ojjpd.ncjrs.org/ojstatbb/crime/excel/JAR_2008,xls
    Oregon State Archives Online. (2008). One thing leads to another: juvenile delinquency rises picture. Retrieved November 19, 2010, from: http://arcweb.sos.state.or.us/exhibits/ww2/life/delinquent.htm.
    Patterson, G.R. Reid, V, & Dishion, T.J. (1992). A social learning approach: Coercive family process. Eugene, OR: Castilia Publishing Company.
    Sampson, R.J., & Laub, J.H. (1997). A life-course theory of cumulative disadvantage and the stability of delinquency. Advance in Criminological Theory, 7,133-161.
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    Wasserman, G., Ko, S. J., & McReynolds, L. S. (2004, August). Assessing the mental health status of youth in juvenile justice settings. Juvenile Justice Bulletin.
    Vermeiren, R. (2003). Psychopathology and delinquency in adolescents: A descriptive and developmental perspective. Clinical Psychology Review, 23, 277-318.
    Oregon State Archives Online. (2008). One thing leads to another: juvenile delinquency rises picture. Retrieved November 19, 2010, from: http://arcweb.sos.state.or.us/exhibits/ww2/life/delinquent.htm.
    (Producer). (2009, Novermber 30) Factors that Lead to Juvenile Delinquency. [documentary]. Retrieved May 23, 2007, from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=egvBwq1FB2g

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